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Karate Terminology

PUNCHES (Zuki)


KICKS (Geri)

Choku-zuki  

Straight punch


Mae-geri

Front kick

Gyaku-zuki

Reverse punch


Mawashi-geri

Roundhouse kick

Kage (Mawashi) - zuki

Hook punch


Ushiro-geri

Spinning back kick

Ura-zuki

Close body punch


Yoko-geri

Side kick

Oi-zuki

Lunge punch  


Sokuto-geri

Stepping-in side kick

Age-zuki

Upper cut


Mae-tobi-geri

Jumping front kick

Mea-ken (tsuki)

Front hand punch


Yoko-tobi-geri

Jumping side kick

Moroto-zuki

Double fist punch


Ushiro-mawashi-geri

Spinning reverse r/house

Yama-zuki

 "U" punch


Ura-mawashi-geri

Reverse r-house kick




Fumikomi

Stamping kick




Kin-geri

Groin kick


STANCES (Dachi)  


BLOCKS (Uke)    

Yoi-dachi

"Ready" stance


(Jodan) Age-uke

Rising Block

Zenkutsu-dachi

Front "standard" stance


Chudan-uke

Middle Block (forearm)

Neko-ashi-dachi

Cat stance


Gedan-beri

Lower pari (block)

Shiko-dachi

Horse / straddle stance


Moroto-uke

Augmented block

Kake-dachi

One leg stance


Shuto-uke

Knife Hand block

Kokutsu-dachi

Back stance


Teisho-uke

Palm-heel block

Mosubi-dachi

Heels together


Juji-uke

Cross block

Sanshin-dachi

Hour glass stance


Keito-uke

"Chicken Head" block

Moto-dachi

Short front stance


Nagashi-uke

Sweeping block




Sukui-uke

Scooping block


STRIKES (Uchi)  


COUNTING  

Empi-uchi (Hijiate)

Elbow strike


1  ~  Ichi 1st

Ichi-ban

Haito-uchi

Ridge-hand strike


2  ~  Ni 2nd

Ni-ban

Nukite-uchi

Spear-hand strike


3  ~  San 3rd

San-ban

Shuto-uchi

Knife-hand strike


4  ~  Shi 4th

Yon-ban

Teisho-uchi

Palm-heel strike


5  ~  Go 5th

Go-ban

Uraken-uchi

Back-hand strike


6  ~  Roku 6th

Roku-ban

Uchi-otoshi

Hammer-first strike


7  ~  Shichi 7th

Nana-ban

Tettsui-uchi

Bottom-fist strike


8  ~  Hachi 8th

Hachi-ban




9  ~  Kyu (Ku) 9th

Kyu-ban




10 ~  Ju 10th

Ju-ban


MISCELLANEOUS

Hajime

Begin


Sempai

Senior student

Yamae

Stop


Karate-gi

Karate suit

Yasumse

Relax - stand easy


Rei

Bow

Kata

Pre-arranged exercises


Dojo

Training hall

Kumite

Sparring


Mawate

Order to turn around

Gedan

Lower level


Ashi-bari

Sweeping ankle throw

Chudan

Middle level


Kamae-te

On guard

Jodan

Upper level


Kyu

Grades below black belt

Sensei

Teacher - instructor


Jiyu-kumite

Free-style sparring

Karateka

karate practitioner


Kihon

Basics


About Karate / Karate History